Shartaj, Mostafa; Suter, Jordan F.
Outdoor recreation demand has increased substantially in the Western United States in the last decade. We demonstrate how National Forest campground utilization varies in response to changes in population, per capita income, and unemployment in counties local to that campground. Our findings suggest that a 1 percent increase in per capita income reduces utilization by 0.08 to 0.09 percentage points. Moreover, an increase of 1 percentage point in the unemployment rate increases utilization by 0.3 to 0.6 percentage points. Overall, the results suggest that campground utilization is higher in areas that have seen declines in macroeconomic conditions.